What is an Index of Multiple Deprivation?
In 2015 the UK government compiled an Index of Multiple Deprivation - an official measure of relative deprivation in England based on statistics gathered in 2012 and 2013.
This ranks every small area in England from most to least deprived and enables measurement and comparison of relative deprivation in small areas. Known as lower-layer super output areas (LSOAs), each one of these areas has an average population of 1,500.
The Index of Multiple Deprivation combines information from seven domains to produce an overall relative measure of deprivation. The domains are combined using the following weights:
- Income Deprivation (22.5%)
- Employment Deprivation (22.5%)
- Education, Skills and Training Deprivation (13.5%)
- Health Deprivation and Disability (13.5%)
- Crime (9.3%)
- Barriers to Housing and Services (9.3%)
- Living Environment Deprivation (9.3%)
What do people use the Index of Multiple Deprivation for?
National and local organisations use the Index of Multiple Deprivation, sometimes in conjunction with other data, to distribute funding or target resources to areas. It is widely used across central government to focus programmes on the most deprived areas. Locally, it is often used as evidence in the development of strategies, to target interventions, and in bids for funding. The voluntary and community sector also uses the Index, for example, to identify areas where people may benefit from the services they provide. [Paragraph taken from the Government guidance on the report].
The entire report can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/english-indices-of-deprivation-2015
The next report is due in September 2019.